Niladic Podcast

How to Setup Let's Encrypt with nginx

Let's Encrypt is a service to get free HTTPS certificates and automate renewing them. This is a guide to setting up Let's Encrypt when using nginx as a reverse proxy.

Let's say you have a service running on localhost on port other than port 80 (ex. 8080).

Nginx will listen on port 80 and transfer traffic to the service or services only available internal to that computer.

If you would like to use a domain or a subdomain to access the service then add a DNS record for the server's IP address.

To get a certificate first use this nginx config. Replace example.com with your domain or subdomain.

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name example.com;
  location /.well-known/acme-challenge {
    root /var/www/letsencrypt;
  }
}

Create the web root

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/letsencrypt

Install Let's Encrypt

git clone https://github.com/certbot/certbot
cd certbot
# replace $email with your email address
./certbot-auto certonly -a webroot --webroot-path /var/www/letsencrypt --agree-tos --expand --text --email $email -d example.com

You can add additional subdomains with -d options. For example

./certbot-auto certonly -a webroot --webroot-path /var/www/letsencrypt --agree-tos --expand --text --email $email -d example.com -d sub1.example.com -d sub2.example.com

To renew the certs you can run.

/path/to/certbot/certbot-auto renew --renew-hook="systemctl reload nginx"

This will reload nginx if the cert is renewed.

To automatically renew Make sure this is in the root crontab. This will run once a day.

# Renew Let's Encrypt cert if required
4 4 * * * /path/to/certbot/certbot-auto renew --renew-hook="systemctl reload nginx"

So now you have certificates for the services. Time to use them!

nginx will handle the HTTPS traffic and send HTTP to the internal service.

# Redirect HTTP to HTTPS
server {
  listen 80 default;
  server_name example.com;
  return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

server {
  # Listen on HTTPS
  listen 443 default ssl;
  server_name localhost example.com;

  # Certificate
  ssl_certificate   /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/fullchain.pem;
  ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/privkey.pem;
  ssl_trusted_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/fullchain.pem;

  # For Let's Encrypt renewal
  location /.well-known/acme-challenge {
    root /var/www/letsencrypt;
  }

  # Redirect to service running on localhost
  location / {
    proxy_pass http://localhost:8080;
  }
}